a dog with blue eyes looks to the right

What Happens if You Breed a Dog Without Breeding Rights?

This is a common question that many dog owners have likely wondered about. While breeding rights can be costly and difficult to obtain, they are also necessary to ensure future puppies’ health and safety.

Without proper breeding rights, breeders may encounter issues such as inbreeding, which can lead to several genetic health problems for dogs. Thus creating an issue when you sell puppies to potential buyers.

To prevent these issues, it is essential to carefully research on ethical breeding before you start breeding dogs. This includes verifying that you as a dog breeder have all necessary breeding rights.

Additionally, you need to make sure that you don’t sell puppies that are too young or keep them in poor living conditions.

Want to know more information to become an ethical breeder? Keep reading!

But first let’s find out what breeding rights for dog breeders are?

What Are Breeding Rights?

Breeding rights are the legal authorization to breed dogs and sell the puppies that result from this breeding.

There are typically two different types of breeding rights, which include full and limited breeding rights.

With full breeding rights, a breeder has complete control over all aspects of their breeding program. This include who they choose to breed with and when and how often puppies are born.

By contrast, limited breeding rights usually only allow a certain number of litters or offspring per year.

For many dog owners and breeders, obtaining proper breeding rights can be challenging and costly.

However, to ensure the health and safety of future generations of puppies, breeders must obtain the necessary breeding rights before they begin breeding. Consider getting yourself registered in the American Kennel Club.
the dog bowed his head to the bull

Potential Issues That Arise When Breeding Dogs Without Breeding Rights

A number of potential issues can arise when breeding dogs without proper breeding rights, the most serious of which is inbreeding.

Let’s review these issues.


Inbreeding occurs when closely related individuals or animals are bred together. This can lead to various genetic health problems for the puppies. These health problems include heart disease, hip dysplasia, vision or hearing loss, and more.

To avoid these issues, it is essential for breeders to carefully research any potential puppies they may be interested in breeding with. Plus, you must verify that they have obtained all necessary breeding rights before beginning their program.

Buyer Verification

Each new buyer usually inquires about the breed of a dog when they get a new puppy. This includes verifying that they have obtained all necessary breeding rights and conducting regular genetic testing on their animals.

If you are unable to provide this information, you might not be able to sell your healthy dogs.

Stress in Dogs

Additionally breeding can seem like a stressful situation for some dogs. They might refuse to mate and run away from the case.

While choosing a different mate is a suitable solution, you can also set up dog fences for their safety. This will enable you to keep track of all your dogs without having them on leashes.

With these steps, you can be confident that your dog will receive the love and care it deserves for years to come.​ Thus allowing you to become a reputable and ethical breeder in the area.
a dog with a ball in its mouth

Benefits of Breeding Rights for Breeders

Aside from safeguarding the health and well-being of future puppies, several other benefits come with obtaining proper breeding rights.

Can Produce High-Quality Litter

When breeders have full breeding rights, it becomes much easier for them to produce high-quality litters.

This is because you can choose your own studs and dams and decide when and how often puppies are born.

In addition, you will have the ability to keep track of the entire process from conception to birth. This will allow you to provide ongoing support and care to the female dog throughout the pregnancy.

Can Protect Puppies From Poor Breeding Practices

By obtaining proper breeding rights before starting a breeding program, breeders can also protect future generations of puppies from other unethical practices. These unethical practices include selling them too young or keeping them in poor living conditions.

This not only ensures that these dogs receive the highest quality care but can also help to ensure their safety and well-being.

A responsible and ethical breeder always obtains breeding rights before they begin breeding. This helps them ensure the buyer that their new puppy received the love and attention it deserves.

Can Charge Higher Prices

In addition to safeguarding the health and well-being of puppies, obtaining proper breeding rights can also help breeders to command higher prices for their litters.
a dog walks along the embankment in sunny weather

Required Paperwork for Breeding Dogs

Before starting a breeding program, there are several different pieces of paperwork that you will need before starting breeding.

Here is what is required from your end.


The first step is to ensure that your stud and dam are appropriately registered with the appropriate breed registry. This is an essential requirement for obtaining breeding rights.

Breeding License

In addition to registration paperwork, you will also need a valid breeding license from your local animal control or other appropriate authority.

Health Clearances

Finally, you must ensure that your stud and dam have passed all necessary genetic health clearances before breeding. This is another critical requirement for breeding rights.

Health Records

Along with the other paperwork, breeders should maintain detailed health records for both mom and dad throughout the entire breeding process.


A Pedigree Certificate will certify that your puppy is purebred, thus allowing you to sell your dog as such. This certificate provides an accurate lineage of your dog’s ancestry, going back 3 generations.

This information can help buyers understand their dog better and predict potential health concerns.

Final Verdict!

So if you are considering getting started with a breeding program of your own, be sure to research thoroughly on dog breeds. With the right breeding you can produce healthy dogs.

The Oval Office: What You Need to Know

The Oval Office is one of the most iconic rooms in the world. As the name suggests, it is in the shape of an oval and is located in the White House, which is the official residence of the President of the United States. The room has been used for a variety of purposes over the years, from hosting state dinners to meeting with foreign dignitaries. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at what makes this room so special.

One of the first things you’ll notice about the Oval Office is its size. It’s not huge, but it’s certainly not small either. This makes it the perfect place for intimate meetings between the president and his or her guests. The room is also filled with beautiful artwork and furniture that has been collected over the years.

Perhaps the most famous feature of the Oval Office is the Resolute Desk. This desk was given to President Rutherford B. Hayes in 1880 and has been used by every president since then. It’s made from oak that was taken from a British ship called the HMS Resolute, hence the name. The desk is also covered with carvings and engravings, which make it a true work of art.

The Oval Office is one of the most important rooms in the world and has played a significant role in history. It’s definitely worth a visit if you’re ever in Washington, D.C.!

How To Design Your Very Own Oval Office At Home With A Trip To IKEA

The oval office is treated differently by each president, but the function of the pieces is fairly constant. There’s a desk with a desk chair, several table lamps, two side storage cupboards, two sofas, a coffee table, a few side chairs, a bookcase, and a large rug. Without the hassle of running for office, you can get useful products and create your own oval office.

The Desk

Depending on how tight your living space is, your office desk setup may need to be set in the corner, or you may need a desk that can easily be turned into a dining table. Finally, if you have a serious shortage in your square footage, consider a folding desk either a standalone or with additional shelving.

The Desk Chair

If you need a desk chair that will double as a dining room chair consider investing in conference table chairs for the most flexibility. Most of these chairs have arms as needed, but don’t have wheels. If you want a desk chair that rolls, a single piece with flared back is a great option if you like some color flexibility.

The Lamps

Decide if you need task lighting or area lighting. A lovely option for area lighting is a simple frosted glass cube with an LED light. It could work on a bookshelf or on a side table. For task or reading light, consider a floor lamp. Finally, if you have table space, there are many classic table lamps that can make your office look sharp and tidy.

Storage Cupboards

Your storage cupboard options can be shelving, a covered cupboard with solid doors, or a glass display cabinet. Like a lot of Ikea options, you can actually get all three of these in a complementary finish for a matched look.


A comfy three-seater sofa is a great option for any room. If your space is a bit snugger, you can still find a cozy loveseat to suit.

Coffee Table

One of the best things about Ikea is its ability to put a lot of use into a small footprint. A wonderful investment for your coffee table is a set of nesting tables. If you need more storage space than display options, put a small trunk to work in your space. 

Side Chairs

If you love the sofas from Ikea, the armchairs will thrill you. These pieces are elegant, slim, and tall enough off the floor to be easy to vacuum under. If you’ve got a patio near your living room, be sure to check out the Ikea armchairs that can work indoors or out!


While there are a lot of Ikea bookcase options, consider treating yourself to a combo bookcase that allows you some covered storage and some open. The linked unit is available in black, grey, and white, so it will be easy to decorate around.

A Large Rug

The rug in the oval office is quite large and has some critical markings that show off the purpose of the space. Your Ikea rug options are a bit simpler, but you might consider layering or stacking rugs. For example, you could start with a rectangular base and add a circular rug to suit the space.

How Much Power Does The President of the USA Have?

The Presidential election is the extent of most people’s political involvement. The Constitution, in order to prevent a tyrant from rising to power, lays out a network of powers that keep the executive branch (the President and Cabinet), the legislative branch (Congress), and the judicial branch (the Supreme Court) from wielding undue power.


The largest role of the President is to sign or veto bills sent by Congress. A bill that passes the House of Representatives moves to the Senate. From the Senate, it goes to the White House. The President can sign the bill and make it a law or veto it as-is. In other words, vetoing specific parts of a bill is impossible. A vetoed bill has to start the process again unless Congress overrides it by at least 66 percent of votes. The President can require Congress to convene to vote on measures the executive branch introduces.

Executive Orders

Within certain parameters, the President can also issue what’s called an executive order. This order is a decree that directs procedures within government at the federal level. It isn’t a law; no approval by Congress is necessary. Congress can allocate or divert funding to prevent executive orders from overreaching.


Within the executive branch, the President can either appoint or dismiss members of the Cabinet and other offices at his discretion. Appointments to the Cabinet occur during a President-elect’s transition period. He also can control to some extent how procedure within the executive branch is carried out.

The power of presidential appointment also applies to the Supreme Court. The President can appoint justices when there is a vacancy due to death or resignation. The appointment has to be agreed to by both houses of the legislature.

Presidential Pardons

Another power the President has as pertains to the law is to issue pardons for federal offenses. Someone who wants to be pardoned would have to submit a formal written petition and the President can either grant or deny the request. The petition in and of itself is an admission of guilt. The President issuing the pardon does not make the convicted person innocent, it only prevents punishment from being carried out.

Foreign Relations

In addition to being the head of the federal government, the President is also the head of state. Only he can receive foreign dignitaries or ambassadors.

Military Power

The President is the highest authority of the armed forces. All branches of the military answer to the White House as the commander-in-chief, even though the President holds no formal rank. He can, however, commission and appoint officers in the military. While Congress reserves the right to declare war, the President has ultimate command and coordinates with the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to direct military actions within the budget set by Congress.

The War Powers Act of 1972 allows the President to order any military engagement to a maximum of 60 days. After that, Congress has to vote to fund further military action.

Public Influence

Most people can name the President. Fewer could name, for instance, their local Congressperson. The President has a much larger presence on the world stage than any other citizen. He or she is considered to be the leader of whichever political party he follows and unofficially represents its agendas as a whole. The President also addresses the nation and the world during a yearly State of the Union speech, in which he outlines goals for the upcoming year.


The President’s powers are, as outlined in the Constitution, balanced with those of the legislative and judicial branches to prevent power from being consolidated to any single person.

The Most Popular Pets Among United States Presidents

It’s not surprising to see a new President enters the White House with his family and his loyal furry companions. The presidential pets have always been a hot topic as many love to see what kind of four-legged friends will join the Oval Office. We have a look at some of the most popular pets of United States Presidents.

Barack Obama

President Obama promised his daughters a puppy in his victory speech. He came through with a male Portuguese Water Dog named Bo. The sweet dog was a present sent from Senator Ted Kennedy. The family then adopted a female dog, Sunny, another Portuguese Water Dog, this time a female named Sunny. While Portuguese Water Dogs are prone to hip dysplasia, there are ways to provide relief for it, and they truly make for adorable pets.

John Quincy Adams

The sixth President of the United States chose a unique pet to live in the White House. Adams’ wife, Louisa had silkworms. The family watched the silkworms lay their eggs then hatch them. After they raised the worms, they would harvest the silk. Louisa used silk to sew beautiful creations. No one knows what became of the silkworms when the Adams family left office.

Bill Clinton

Socks the cat is one of the most popular felines to live at the White House. President Clinton and his family enjoyed showing the black and white kitty to the world. The Clintons also had a chocolate Labrador Retriever named Buddy. Many people laugh at the stories of the cat and dog as they did not enjoy each other’s presence.

Theodore Roosevelt

President Roosevelt didn’t have just one or two pets. He had six children that loved animals. They brought in guinea pigs, birds, badgers, dogs, snakes, and cats. One time, they even brought the pony into the White House to cheer up one of his sick children. There is no question that this house was an exciting one.

Ronald Reagan

President Reagan didn’t enter the White House with any dogs. The family brought in a black Bouvier des Flanders named Lucky. She got a little too large and wild for the Oval Office, so she was sent to the family ranch. Then they welcomed a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel named Rex. Their cats, Cleo and Sara, also lived at the ranch.

William Howard Taft

A cow wasn’t going to let any dog upstage him as a family pet. President Taft’s cow was named Pauline Wayne. She is known as the last cow to live there. She traveled throughout the country as a star of the political interviews. Caruso, a dog, also lived with Pauline Wayne at the White House.

Jimmy Carter

A sweet Border Collie mix joined the Carter family in the White House after a teacher gifted it to young Amy Carter. The dog, Grits, didn’t get along very well with their cat. The Siamese, Misty Malarky Ying Yang wasn’t very welcoming to the new pup. The dog eventually went back to live with Amy’s teacher.

Herbert Hoover

President Hoover actually had a few different dogs during his time as President. One of the most popular was King Tut, a Belgian Shepard. People were often amazed to see alligators on the White House lawn. These belonged to Hoover’s son.

John F. Kennedy

The Kennedy family is another Presidential family that loved their pets. They had dogs, hamsters, birds, cats, and rabbits. Arguably their most popular pet was Caroline’s little pony, Macaroni. Their Welsh Terrier, Charlie, was always President Kennedy’s sidekick.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

President Eisenhower has the honor of having a pet actually buried on the grounds of the White House. His pet parakeet, Gabby is buried there. Eisenhower also had a Weimaraner.

California Pension Reform

California Pension Reform is now a part of Embrace Change. The following is a statement from the former president of California Pension Reform:

“California Pension Reform is postponing its initiative its initiative to propose an a question on the upcoming electoral ballot after determining that the chosen title makes it quite difficult to pass. We will continue to push our elected representatives to reform our broken pension system and if they fail we will focus on qualifying an initiative for 2014. California taxpayers face more than $240 billion in pension debts that grow every year, a brutal math problem that requires courageous leadership instead of the special interest politics that is blocking meaningful reform today.”

Upon further commenting it was noted that today’s voters in California are more interested in contemporary laws and issues such as the regulation of CBD products – something that has become of particular importance since they have been administered to pets in addition to people.

California Pension Reform was a political organization dedicated to fixing California’s pension crisis by placing a statewide initiative on a future ballot.  Founded in 2007 by the late Assemblyman Keith Richman, CPR was the state’s leading voice for pension reform, working with policy makers and the news media to educate the public on the depth of the crisis and about the best policy alternatives.

CPR officers included President Dan Pellissier and Vice President Jack Dean. Pellissier developed pension policy expertise as chief of staff to Assemblyman Richman and as a pension policy advisor to Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Dean published the PensionTsunami.com website for nearly 15 years. He was a past executive director of the Reason Foundation, and went on to be president of the Fullerton Association of Concerned.

Why was California Pension Reform created? Let’s break it down:

6,133 retired California government workers receive pensions in excess of $100,000 from CalPERS. They are all listed below.

The information below was obtained under the Freedom of Information Act from the California Public Employees Retirement System (CalPERS). This list may be be updated periodically with more pensioners as more data is obtained.

Name Monthly Annual Employer
LLOYD GOMEZ $41,639.57 $499,674.84 NETWORK CHEF
ANTHONY GOSHORN $24,712.99 $296,555.88 DAVID WEIS
RICHARD CLIFTON $22,145.08 $265,740.96 GAMMA GAS
GEORGE LARSON $21,300.04 $255,600.48 CIRCUS WORLD
WILLIAM BRIGHT $19,969.65 $239,635.80 WHITE HEN
STEPHAN PENNY JR $19,412.28 $232,947.36 WESTERN AUTO
CRYSTAL FRANKEL $19,263.68 $231,164.16 WEATHERHILL’S
KEITH GUMP $18,734.40 $224,812.80 HUDSON’S MENSWEAR